Turning Participation Into Power: A Water Justice Case Study

August 2022
ELR 10622
Jaime Alison Lee

This Article offers a revamped model of participatory governance—the Constituent Empowerment Model (CE Model)—which affirmatively shifts power to the voices of marginalized constituents so that they can influence governmental policy. To illustrate how a CE system might be constructed, the Article examines a model recently adopted in the city of Baltimore, Maryland, that is designed to shift the balance of power between the water utility and its customers. Baltimore offers a blueprint for how this new form of participatory governance could make local institutions more responsive to the needs of disempowered constituents.

Jaime Alison Lee is Associate Professor of Law and Director of the Community Development Clinic at the University of Baltimore School of Law.

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Turning Participation Into Power: A Water Justice Case Study

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