BRAZIL MOVES AUTHORITY FOR DEMARCATING INDIGENOUS LANDS AWAY FROM INDIGENOUS AGENCY

02/06/2017

Last month, the Brazilian government issued Ordinance 80, which moved the decision-making power for the recognition of indigenous territory boundaries away from the National Indian Foundation to the Ministry of Justice. Ordinance 80 is a redraft of Ordinance 68, which was previously annulled. The Ordinance promotes “careful analysis…of the whole demarcation procedure,” but promotes speedy action (demarcation of lands by the National Indian Foundation has sometimes taken decades). The move is supported by large-scale landowners and the Brazilian President, who believe the order will reduce conflicts in indigenous areas, but the Ordinance is opposed by indigenous land rights activists, some of whom believe it is unconstitutional. For the full story, see https://news.mongabay.com/2017/02/brazil-alters-indigenous-land-demarca…;